•   Capital    Phnom Penh
  •   Land Area    181,035 sq.km
  •   Population    13.81 Million (2006 est.)
  •   Official Language    Khmer
  •   Currency    Riel (US$1 = 4000 Riels)
  •   Major Export Products    Garments/Textile Product, Sawn Wood Furniture and Rubber
  •   Major Industries    Textiles and Garments, Beverage, Food Processing, WoodProcessing
  •   Head of State    His Majesty Samdech Preah Baromneath Norodom Sihamoni
  •   Head of Government    His Excellency Samdech Hun Sen Prime Minister



Cambodia, which is physically located in Southeast Asia, covers an area of 181,035 sq km (69,898 sq mi). Most of the country consists of a low-lying alluvial plain that occupies the central part of the country. To the southeast of the plain lies the delta of the Mekong River. To the east of the plain, ranges of undulating hills separate Cambodia from Vietnam. To the southwest, a mountain range, the Chuor Phnum Krâvanh, fringes the plain and forms a physical barrier along the country's coast. Cambodia's highest peak, Phnom Aural (1,813 m/5,948 ft) rises in the eastern part of this range. To the north, the Chuor Phnum Dangrek mountains separate Cambodia from Thailand.

Geographically speaking, Cambodia is divided into six major regions: the western and northwestern mountains rich in tropical forest, wildlife and fruit trees; the northeastern plateau abounding with tropical forest, wildlife, waterfalls, diamonds and magic; the central plain known as a large area of flat land for cultivating mainly rice, corns and beans; for favoring fish and mangrove, there’s the western and southwestern coastal plain popular with tourists who sunbathe on the sandy beaches, and who consume seafood; the western and northeastern valleys suitable for the development of hydro-electric power; and the peninsula suitable for tin mining, rubber cultivation and fishing.



The total population is 13,81 million. Ninety percent of residents are Khmer, and the remnants of these are Chinese, Vietnamese, Indian, Thai, Phnorng, Kuoy, Stineng, Tamil, etc.



Theravada Buddhism is the official prevailing religion in Cambodia, and approximately ninety percent of the population is Buddhists. The country also has minority religions such as Islam, Hinduism and Christianity which Muslims, Hindus and Christians believe in. Since Buddha’s statues and images represent the Buddha, visitors are asked to behave respectfully to all statues and images so as not to cause offence to local people. It is illegal to take any Buddha’s statues out of Cambodia without the express permission of the Ministry of Culture and Fine Arts.



Phnom Penh is the capital, which has an area of 290 square kilometers, is seriously considered the major center of administration, commerce, communication, culture, economy, education, industry, policy, and tourism. It is also home to legal immigrants from Australia, Burma, China, France, India, Japan, Korea, Laos, Malaysia, Philippine, Russia, Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, UK, USA, Vietnam etc. The Phnom Penh Capital is a lifeline of Cambodian economy for sustaining residents and it is a tropical paradise for tourists and businessmen. The Phnom Penh’s resident population is said to total over two million people.



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